Nutrient Density measures the benefits you get from a food compared to the number of calories it contains. Nutrient dense foods give you the most nutrients possible for the fewest calories. One way to measure nutrient density is the ANDI (Aggregate Nutrient Density Index) scale. Dr. Joel Fuhrman developed this scale and the nutrients included in the scale are calcium, carotenoids, lycopene, fiber, glucosinolates, iron, magnesium, niacin, selenium, B vitamins, vitamin C and E, and zinc. It also measures ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) which is a method of measuring the antioxidant capacity of foods. One thing to keep in mind is that the ANDI scale does not measure protein or fats, so remember that when you are formulating your diet and be sure to add in your beans and avocados!